Petting a dog has the same beneficial effects on the brain as human socialization, study finds
Author: Clark Tos
We all love our animal friends, and for many there is nothing better than sharing a moment of relaxation with a dog. So much so that a scientific study claims that interacting with a pet is comparable to interacting with human friends.
Indeed, according to this new research, petting our furry friends may even give us the same benefits as socializing, and the proof comes from our neurology. Previous studies have proven that the prefrontal cortex of the brain is a key region that is active during different aspects of socialization and in processing social interactions. The ability to understand what another person may be thinking and to situate oneself in relation to others is linked to this area of our brain. This means that the frontal lobe is also important for studying the impact and effects of our human-animal interactions.
To conduct this study, participants first had interactions with real dogs, a 6-year-old female Jack Russell Terrier, a 4-year-old female Goldendoodle, and a 4-year-old Golden Retriever. They then interacted with a stuffed animal, a stuffed lion called Leo, which had a hot water bottle inserted into it to simulate the feel of soft fur, the animal's body temperature and the weight of a dog.
The researchers measured oxygenated, deoxygenated and total hemoglobin as well as blood oxygen saturation in the frontal lobe of the participants' brains, in order to assess their brain activity while they were in physical contact with the real animals. They then measured the same during interactions with the stuffed lion. The comparison of the results obtained revealed a greater activation of this part of the brain linked to social life when the participants in the study interacted with real dogs, compared to that of the toy lion.
Credit: Xan Griffin / Unsplash
Dogs, real social actors
According to scientists, interacting with an animal is an emotionally relevant and important social occasion. This type of research also highlights the value of animals. There are many people whose opportunities for regular social contact are reduced, such as the elderly, people with cognitive differences, and the homeless. “The integration of animals into therapeutic interventions could therefore be a promising approach to improving emotional involvement and attention” explain the researchers.
In conclusion, the evidence suggests that spending more time with your dog is as good as spending time with other humans you love.Source : IFL Science