15 biggest spiders in the world
Author: Clark Tos
Arachnids include species of impressive size. Tarantula, theraphosa, here are 15 of the biggest spiders in the world.
What are the 15 biggest spiders in the world?
Photo of a female tarantula. Credit: tenra
The tarantula or the tarantula aren't the only giant spiders in the world. The kingdom of arachnids has many more species with astonishing measurements. Their range is vast, ranging from Latin America to Australia, through Europe, Africa and North America. Some species are scarier than dangerous , and if they are scary, it is because of their size which can sometimes reach 30 cm in wingspan with the legs.
Not all large spiders are venomous either, and their aggressiveness varies from species to species. Finding one at home is also rare, except in some countries like australia , where encounters with humans are frequent. Scientists are constantly on the lookout for new species of spiders, regardless of their size. Here are 15 of the most big spiders of the world. For enthusiasts, these are specimens to discover or rediscover.
1 – Theraphosa Blondi, the largest spider in the world
Photo of a Goliath Theraphosa Blondi on dead leaves. Credit: Dan Olsen
Also called tarantula bird-eater, Leblond tarantula or even Leblondi tarantula, the species Theraphosa Blondi is the biggest spider ever recorded in the world. She does 30 cm wingspan and weighs between 120 and 130 grams , sometimes even up to 170 grams.
Its habitat is mainly in South America, in the humid forests of Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela and Suriname. She lives in the ground and hunts on the lookout, at the entrance of her burrow. The young feed on insects of the same size as them, but an adult specimen can attack birds, frogs and large insects. Its fangs - or chelicerae - inject venom into the prey's body, but rest assured, it does not represent a danger to humans .
Indeed, a bite from Theraphosa Blondi is not fatal, because its venom is not active for humans. It's mostly pain that's to be feared, but it's worth noting that it's bristling with stinging hairs that it can shoot out if it feels threatened. Females can live between 6 and 15 years, while the life expectancy is 3 to 6 years in males.
2 – Tarantula Theraphosa stirmi, second largest spider in the world
Photo of a Goliath Theraphosa stirmi. Credit: germi_p
Belonging to the same family as Theraphosa Blondi, the Goliath flycatcher Theraphosa stirmi is the second largest spider listed. The wingspan of a female, larger than a male, can reach 28 cm . Like its close cousin, its venom does not present a danger to humans, but his bite causes severe pain . It inhabits the wetlands of Brazil and Guyana, and also feeds on birds, small mammals, large insects. Males have a lifespan of 3 to 4 years, while females can live up to 25 years in captivity.
3 – Lasiodora parahybana, third largest spider in the world
Image of a Lasiodora parahybana on an animal skeleton. Credit: tenra
The Lasiodora parahybana, or salmon tarantula, is the third largest spider world . Also belonging to the mygalomorph family, it is 25 cm wingspan and weight reached 100 grammes for females. However, males have a larger wingspan, reaching 30 cm, but their weight is less than that of females. As its name suggests, the habitat of this species is mainly in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. It differs from its cousins by its black tint and its pinkish stinging hairs. This fearful spider digs its nest in the ground or tree trunks, and only comes out of its burrow to hunt. Its diet consists of insects as well as reptiles and small mammals.
4 – Poecilotheria spider
Image of a Poecilotheria metallica on green grass. Credit: PrinPrince
This species is characterized by a wingspan of 24 cm which makes it one of the largest spiders listed. Its habitat is mainly located in India and Sri Lanka. She is able to blend into the nature that surrounds her and often evolves in the trees. It's about a poisonous and also aggressive species . Its bite can create muscle pain, stiffness and nausea.
5 – The spider Califorctenus Cacachilensis
Image of a Califorctenus Cacachilensis. Credit: Ine
Discovered in 2013, this species spider is characterized by the coffee color of its legs and head, while its abdomen has a yellow tint. It measures 23 cm large and his body does 10cm in diameter. Califorctenus Cacachilensis lives mainly in Baja California, a region located in northwestern Mexico, and more precisely in the caves of Las Cacachillas. This arachnid only comes out at night.
6 – Poecilotheria rajaei spider
Image of a Poecilotheria rajaei. Credit: Vitaliy Astakhov
This spider measures 20 cm wingspan and lives mainly in India and Sri Lanka, in the stumps of old trees. Its name is taken from that of the Sri Lankan inspector who discovered it, Michael Rajakumar. It is not fatal to humans , and its diet includes small rodents, lizards, small snakes and small birds.
7 – Hysterocrates gigas or baboon spider
Baboon spider. Credit: Jonathan Bokma
Also called the red baboon tarantula, the baboon spider is endemic to Cameroon . His body does 10 cm of diameter and its legs have a span of 20 cm . She shows a rather aggressive character. Its diet is diverse and includes other spiders , small fish, small reptiles and rodents.
8 – The spider Heteropoda maxima
Photo of a Heteropoda on a wall. Credit: maxontravel
The Heteropoda maxima spider has the particularity of its long legs up to 30 cm in width, while its body usually does not exceed 5 cm. This species lives in the caves of Laos. In addition, it is a cannibalistic species, the males being devoured by the females after mating.
9 – Hogna Ingens or wolf spider
Wolf spider. Credit: Andrew Waugh
The Deserta Grande wolf spider is endemic to Portugal . This species is in danger of extinction, its population being very small. It is characterized by a body that is 4 to 5 cm long and legs that are 7 to 12 cm wide. Also cannibalistic, the females of this species devour the males, and its venom can pose a danger to humans . Its diet consists of centipedes, lizards and insects.
10 – The spider Brachypelma smithi
Image of a Brachypelma smithi. Credit: liuyushan
Females of this species have a body of 4-6 cm and legs, the width of which can reach 16 cm. It is distinguished by a black colorway underneath, with a head and legs sporting an orange hue on top. This spider is rather calm in nature, preferring flight to aggression if disturbed. However, it can project stinging silk.
11 – The tégénaire
Photo of a spider mite taken in a house. Credit: Philippe & Marie.
Spiders are spiders living in houses and fields . They have many subspecies. 67 of them are in France. Among them is the giant spiderweb (Eratigena duellica) whose width can reach 13 cm, and which is distinguished by its color varying from reddish to brown. Totally inoffensive for humans, the giant tegenaria adopts flight in case of disturbance. His presence is useful around the house .
12 – Phoneutria nigriventer spider
Photo of a Phoneutria nigriventer. Credit: TacioPhilip
Also called banana spider, the Phoneutria nigriventer has a body 5 cm in diameter and legs about 15 cm wide. It lives in Latin America, with an area of habitation distributed in several countries such as Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay. Its name comes from the fact that it particularly likes banana plantations. Thus, it is not uncommon to find it on bananas exported to Europe or other continents, which has also earned the name of wandering spider Brazilian to this species. The banana spider is poisonous, but its venom is not fatal. However, the risk is higher in children.
13 – Brazilian black tarantula
Photo of a Grammostola pulchra. Credit: aapsky
This species is characterized by its black color and its leg width, which can reach 16 to 18 cm. It is also called ' brazilian black '. Harmless, this spider prefers to flee than to attack and its venom does not represent a danger to humans . For these reasons, it is among the highest species as pets. Nevertheless, her hair can be stinging, but again, she uses it as a last resort.
14 – The spider Psalmopoeus irminia
Photo of a Denis83 tarantula. Credit: Denis83
This species lives in Venezuela. Its width can reach 14 cm, which makes it one of the largest spiders in the world. Its particularity is the small orange spots forming at the end of its legs. of a aggressive character, she has the ability to perform jumps despite her imposing size. However, Psalmopoeus irminia is not dangerous for humans. Very voracious, it feeds on crickets, cockroaches, or even crickets.
15 – The Cerbalus Aravaensis spider
Photo of a Cerbalus Aravaensis. Credit: Britannica
Cerbalus Aravensis is native to Israel and Jordan. The body can reach 3 cm in diameter in the female, with a total wingspan which can go up to 14 cm. Nocturnal in nature, it lives in arid regions. Its habitat is threatened by the advance of man.